To privide high-end food & drink glassware as an ODM/OEM wholesale Manufacturer.

Glass World - Different Materials for Glassware

Welcome to Anndooo Glass World

Daily-use glassware typically comes in three main types of materials, each with its distinct properties: Soda-Lime Glass, Borosilicate Glass, and Crystal Glass. What are the difference of these glasses? How are they produced? How are these glassware developed in hisroty? What's the advantages and disadvantages of each glass? Anndooo will show you around the Glass World.
  • Soda-Lime Glass (Sodium Calcium Glass)
  • Borosilicate Glass (High Borosilicate Glass)
  • Crystal Glass (Lead Glass)

Soda-Lime Glass (Sodium Calcium Glass)

Characteristics: Soda-lime glass is made from sodium carbonate, lime, and silica. It's the most widespread type of glass used for window panes, containers, and common glassware.


This glass is formed by melting the raw materials at high temperatures and then molding into desired shapes, often through blowing or pressing techniques.


Soda-lime glass has been produced for centuries, evolving with technology to improve quality and durability. Usage: Ideal for everyday use in homes and restaurants, including drinking glasses, jars, and basic kitchenware.

Physical Properties of Soda Lime Glass

Thermal Conductivity

Soda-lime glass has higher thermal conductivity compared to high borosilicate glass, which means it heats up and cools down more quickly.


While it is less resistant to breakage than high borosilicate glass, it still offers a reasonable level of durability for daily use.


It is harder than most metals, making it scratch-resistant and maintaining clarity over time.


Soda-lime glass clear visibility, although it may become clouded with repeated exposure to harsh detergents or abrasive cleaning

Advantages and Disadvantages of Soda Lime Glass

Given these properties, soda-lime glassware is a practical choice for many everyday uses, particularly where extreme temperatures are not a factor. However, for applications requiring greater thermal shock resistance and chemical stability, high borosilicate glass may be the preferred material.


Soda-lime glass is more affordable to produce than high borosilicate glass, making it a cost-effective option for consumers.
Like high borosilicate glass, soda-lime glass is 100% recyclable, contributing to environmental sustainability- Versatility: This type of glass widely used for a variety of products, including windows, bottles, jars, and drinking glasses.


Thermal Shock Resistance:
Soda-lime glass is not as resistant to sudden temperature changes and can crack or shatter if exposed to extreme temperatures.
Chemical Durability:
It is more susceptible to degradation from acidic or alkaline substances over time, potentially impacting its longevity and purity- Not for High Heat Use: Unlike high borosilicate glass, soda-lime glass is generally not suitable for high-temperature applications like oven use.

Borosilicate Glass (High Borosilicate Glass)

Characteristics: Known for its low coefficient of thermal expansion, borosilicate glass resists thermal shock and chemical corrosion, making it suitable for lab equipment and cookware.


It's made by adding boric oxide to the traditional glassmaking batch, requiring precise temperature control during melting to maintain its properties.


Developed in the late 19th century, borosilicate glass gained popularity for its ability to withstand high cooking temperatures without cracking. Usage: Best for scientific laboratories, cooking ware that requires rapid heating and cooling, and premium household items.

Physical Properties of Borosilicate Glass

Heat Resistance

With a low coefficient of thermal expansion, high borosilicate can withstand extreme temperature changes without cracking, making it safe for use from to stovetop or oven.

Chemical Stability

This of glass less reactive, which means it doesn't react with the majority of chemicals and, maintaining the purity of whatever is stored within.


It is tougher than ordinary glass, giving it a higher resistance to breakage and a longer lifespan.


High borosilicate glass maintains excellent transparency over time, resisting clouding even after repeated use and cleaning.

Advantages of Borosilicate Glass

These attributes make high borosilicate glassware a practical and versatile choice for consumers seeking long-lasting, reliable, and safe kitchen.
Health & Safety:
Its inert and lead-free composition make it for food contact, as there no risk harmful substances leaching into your food or drinks.
Environmental Impact
High borosilicate glass is 100% recyclable, which reduces its environmental footprint compared to plastic alternatives.
It is easy to clean, dishwasher safe, and does not retain stains or odors, ensuring that it remains hyic over prolonged use.
clarity allows for an elegant presentation its contents, making it a stylish addition to any setting- Microwave & Oven Compatible: Unlike many plastics and metals, high borosicate glass can safely be used for heating in microwaves ovens.

Crystal Glass (Lead Glass): Characteristics

Dating back to the 17th century, crystal glass was highly prized among European nobility and has since become synonymous with luxury tableware. Usage: Suited for special occasions, high-end restaurants, and decorative pieces such as vases and chandeliers.


Crystal glass contains lead oxide, which increases clarity, weight, and refractive index, resulting in the sparkle that mimics fine gemstones.


This glass requires careful handling and often hand-crafting techniques to bring out its aesthetic qualities.


Highly decorative with brilliant clarity and a luxurious feel, often used in dining settings and as collectibles.


Soda-lime glass is not as resistant to sudden temperature changes and can crack or shatter if exposed to extreme temperatures.

Contact Anndooo sales expert to select ideal glassware products you prefer!

Become a partner and elevate your business with us
Outline your product vision and collaboration interests, and our dedicated sales managers will connect with you within 24 hours. For seamless communication, kindly provide your WhatsApp contact.
  • Only supports .rar/.zip/.jpg/.png/.gif/.doc/.xls/.pdf, maximum 20MB.
follow us